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Monday 14 January 2008

The effect of PEG coating on in vitro cytotoxicity and in vivo disposition of topotecan loaded liposomes in rats.

By: Dadashzadeh S, Vali AM, Rezaie M.

Int J Pharm 2007 Nov;(): [Epub ahead of print]

Amphoteric drugs encapsulated in PEGylated liposomes may not show superior therapeutic antitumor activity due to increased leakage rate of these drugs in presence of PEG-lipids. In order to investigate the effect of PEG coating on in vitro and in vivo characteristics of topotecan loaded liposomes, an amphoteric anticancer drug, PEGylated and conventional liposomes were prepared by lipid film hydration method. Various properties of the prepared nanoliposomes such as encapsulation efficiency, size, zeta potential, physical stability as well as the chemical stability of lactone form of topotecan, cytotoxicity and topotecan pharmacokinetics were evaluated. In vitro cytotoxic activity was evaluated on murine Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) and human mammary adenocarcinoma (BT20) cells. Pharmacokinetic was evaluated in Wistar rats after i.v. injection of topotecan, formulated in PBS pH 7.4 or in conventional or in PEGylated liposomes. The conventional liposome (CL) formulation was composed of DSPC/cholesterol/DSPG (molar ratio; 7:7:3), while for PEGylated liposome the composition was DSPC/cholesterol/DSPG/DSPE-PEG(2000) (molar ratio; 7:7:3:1.28). The size of both liposomes was around 100nm with polydispersity index of about 0.1. In comparison with free drug, liposomal topotecan showed more stability for topotecan lactone form in vitro. Compared to free topotecan, PEGylated and conventional liposomes improved cytotoxic effect of topotecan against the two cancer cell line studied. The results of pharmacokinetic studies in rats showed that both CL and PEGylated liposomal formulations increased the concentration of total topotecan in plasma, however, initial concentration and the values of AUC, MRT and t(1/2beta) were much higher (P<0.001) for PEGylated liposomal drug than for conventional one or free drug. PEGylated liposome resulted in a 52-fold and 2-fold increases in AUC(0-infinity) compared with that of free topotecan and CL, respectively. These results indicated that PEG modified liposome might be an effective carrier for topotecan.

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