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Monday 18 June 2007

Gam1-associated alterations of drug responsiveness through activation of apoptosis.

By: Wu F, Chiocca S, Beck WT, Mo YY.

Mol Cancer Ther 2007 Jun;6(6):1823-30

An early gene product, Gam1, encoded by the avian adenovirus CELO, is an inhibitory protein for the sumoylation machinery, which has been implicated in regulating a variety of cellular pathways. In this study, we found that Gam1 effectively suppressed both constitutive and inducible sumoylation and caused significant cell growth inhibition. This Gam1-mediated cell growth inhibition was associated with induction of apoptosis. In particular, Gam1 induced caspase-3 activity as detected by immunostaining and Western blot. Of interest, like the Ubc9 dominant-negative mutant, Gam1 also sensitized cells to DNA-damaging agents such as topotecan and doxorubicin and non-DNA-damaging agents such as paclitaxel and vincristine. Taken together, our findings suggest that activation of the caspase pathways is at least in part responsible for the increased apoptosis in Gam1-expressing cells and, thus, contributes to the growth inhibition and enhanced chemosensitivity.

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