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Wednesday 01 November 2006

Sequence dependence of hematologic toxicity using carboplatin and topotecan for primary therapy of advanced epithelial ovarian cancer: A phase I study of the Gynecologic Oncology Group.

By: Bookman MA, McMeekin DS, Fracasso PM.

Gynecol Oncol 2006 Nov;103(2):473-8

PURPOSE.: Selection of a feasible sequence and schedule of carboplatin in combination with topotecan for evaluation in advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). PATIENTS AND METHODS.: Women with stages III-IV EOC or primary peritoneal carcinoma without prior chemotherapy were assigned to consecutive cohorts evaluating a "forward" (carboplatin day 1, topotecan days 1-3), "reverse" (carboplatin day 3, topotecan days 1-3), or "extended reverse" sequence (carboplatin day 5, topotecan days 1-5). Patients received 4 cycles carboplatin-topotecan followed by 4 cycles carboplatin-paclitaxel. Feasibility was defined according to the cumulative proportion of patients with dose-limiting events (DLEs) during the first four cycles. RESULTS.: Sixty-eight patients were enrolled across 5 cohorts. The forward sequence demonstrated unacceptable hematologic DLEs at the lowest topotecan dose (0.75 mg/m(2)/dayx3 days). The reverse sequence was feasible at 1.25 mg/m(2)/dayx3 days, with only 1/15 patients experiencing a DLE within 4 cycles, and 14/15 patients were able to receive 4 subsequent cycles of carboplatin-paclitaxel. The extended reverse sequence was associated with excessive DLEs at 1.00 mg/m(2)/dayx5 days. Prophylactic hematopoietic growth factors were not required. CONCLUSION.: Higher doses of topotecan could be safely administered with reduced toxicity over multiple cycles using the reverse sequence, which was selected for phase III evaluation. The relative efficacy of the forward and reverse sequence is unknown.

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