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Saturday 01 October 2005

In-vitro cytotoxicity, in-vivo biodistribution and anti-tumour effect of PEGylated liposomal topotecan.

By: Hao YL, Deng YJ, Chen Y, Wang KZ, Hao AJ, Zhang Y.

J Pharm Pharmacol 2005 Oct;57(10):1279-87

In attempt to increase the accumulation of topotecan in tumours and improve its anti-cancer activity, PEGylated liposome (H-PEG) containing topotecan was prepared. The in-vitro cytotoxicity, in-vivo biodistribution pattern and anti-tumour effect of H-PEG were studied systemically. Compared with free topotecan or conventional liposome (H-Lip), H-PEG improved the cytotoxic effect of topotecan against human ovarian carcinoma A2780 and human colon carcinoma HCT-8 cells. The IC50 value (concentration leading to 50% cell-killing) of H-PEG decreased 5 fold (P<0.01) and 9 fold (P<0.01) against A2780 and HCT-8 cells compared with H-Lip, respectively. The results of biodistribution studies in sarcoma S(180) tumour-bearing mice showed that liposomal encapsulation increased the concentration of total topotecan and the ratio of lactone form in plasma. H-PEG resulted in a 70-fold and 3.7-fold increase in AUC(0-->24 h) compared with free topotecan and H-Lip, respectively. Moreover, H-PEG increased the accumulation of topotecan in tumours and the relative tumour uptake ratio compared with free topotecan was 5.2, and higher than that of H-Lip. The anti-cancer effect studies in murine heptocarcinoma H(22) tumour-bearing mice showed that H-PEG improved the therapeutic efficiency of topotecan and decreased the toxicity of topotecan to a certain extent compared with H-Lip. These results indicated that PEG-modified liposome might be an efficient carrier of topotecan.

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