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Monday 01 May 2000

Cytotoxic effects of topotecan combined with various active G2/M-phase anticancer drugs in human tumor-derived cell lines.

By: Taron M, Plasencia C, Abad A, Martin C, Guillot M.

Invest New Drugs 2000 May;18(2):139-47

Topotecan (TPT) is a DNA-Topoisomerase I poison that exhibits antitumor activity. TPT, like other DNA-damaging agents, arrests or delays cell cycle progression during S- and G2-phase in a wide variety of tumor-derived cell lines. Particularly, the G2-arrest gives time for the cell to repair its DNA lesions prior to starting a new cell cycle. Based on these observations, we assessed the interaction between TPT and G2/M-active agents in p53-mutated cell lines of diverse origin in order to achieve cell toxicity. Two short-term sequential schedules were administered (TPT --> G2/M-active drug at the interval of greatest TPT-induced G2/M-phase cell arrest, and G2/M-active drug --> TPT), in three human tumor-derived cell lines with proven sensitivity to the following drugs: Bleomycin in HEp-2 (squamous larynx carcinoma); Docetaxel in SKBr-3 (breast adenocarcinoma); Etoposide in NCI-H23 (non-small-cell lung cancer). Our results show that: 1) Sequential TPT --> G2/M-active drugs are synergistic when administration overlapped the maximum percentage of TPT-induced G2/M-phase cell arrest interval in all three mutated p53 cell lines; 2) the reverse sequential schedule (G2/M-active drug --> TPT) was antagonistic, and being only additive for Etoposide --> TPT association. In conclusion, our findings further support the potential cytotoxic role of TPT in combination with other active drugs when the correct schedule of administration is applied. In addition, they provide a rationale for new applications in clinical trials using short-term sequential TPT --> G2/M-active drugs.

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