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Monday 01 March 2004

Topotecan as a continuous infusion over 14 days in recurrent ovarian cancer patients.

By: Denschlag D, Watermann D, Horig K, Kissel C, Tempfer C, Gitsch G.

Anticancer Res 2004 Mar-Apr;24(2C):1267-9

OBJECTIVE: In recurrent ovarian cancer the topoisomerase-1 inhibitor topotecan shows activity after prior treatment with platinum and taxanes. Overall response rates of up to 38% in combination with an acceptable toxicity profile have been reported. We performed a pilot study to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and toxicity profile of a low-dose continuous infusion protocol of topotecan. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twelve patients with recurrent ovarian cancer and a measurable lesion received a continuous infusion of topotecan (0.4 mg/m2/d) over 14 days, repeated every 28 days. All patients had at least one prior platinum-containing regimen of chemotherapy (range 1-7). Responses were evaluated by ultrasound, computed tomography (CT) scans and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). RESULTS: A total of 57 (median 5, range 1-12) topotecan treatment cycles were administered. The overall response rate was 2/12 (17%). Four patients had stable disease (33%), among them two patients with platinum-refractory tumors. The median time to progression was 26 (range 20-100) weeks. No grade 3 or 4 hematological toxicities were observed. However, one patient developed a grade 2 allergy leading to discontinuation of topotecan. CONCLUSION: Treatment of recurrent ovarian cancer with low-dose continuous infusion of topotecan over 14 days demonstrated response rates comparable to other dosing schedules with minimal toxicity in a preliminary series of 12 patients.

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