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Friday 01 February 2002

Individual adaptive dosing of topotecan in ovarian cancer.

By: Montazeri A, Culine S, Laguerre B, Pinguet F, Lokiec F, Albin N, Goupil A, Deporte-Fety R, Bugat R, Canal P, Chatelut E.

Clin Cancer Res 2002 Feb;8(2):394-9

PURPOSE: To take into account relationships between topotecan area under the plasma concentration (AUC) versus time curve and percentage decrease of neutrophil count previously shown when topotecan is administered on a 5-day, daily schedule. A multicentric clinical trial with individualized dosing of topotecan was performed in patients with platinum-refractory ovarian cancer. The primary goal of this study was to evaluate the toxicity of topotecan when the interindividual variability in plasma drug exposure is decreased. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: A total of 39 patients were evaluable. In cycle 1, the daily dose for the last 2 days was dependent on the observed topotecan AUC at day 1; the general objective was to constrain the overall AUC (i.e., from day 1 to day 5) within 37,500-75,000 nM.min. A pharmacokinetic study was also performed on day 5 of cycle 1 and day 1 of cycle 2 to evaluate the intrapatient pharmacokinetic variability both within cycle 1 and between cycles. RESULTS: The dose of topotecan was decreased for 20 patients and increased for only 1 patient within cycle 1. The total administered dose was correlated to the creatinine clearance. The dose adjustments allowed control of the topotecan exposure: mean (+/-SD) observed AUC of 70,697 (+/-12,364) nM.min. Fourteen cases of dose-limiting toxicity were observed, mainly in patients who previously received two different regimens of chemotherapy without a washout period before topotecan treatment. An overall response rate of 21% was observed in the 33 patients evaluable. CONCLUSION: Dose adjustments are required not only in patients with creatinine clearance below 40 ml/min, but also in those with values between 40 and 60 ml/min (recommended starting dose is 1.2 mg/m(2)). By performing drug monitoring and taking into consideration the past treatment of each patient, better dose individualization can be obtained.

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