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Monday 01 April 2002

Phase II trial of topotecan and cisplatin in persistent or recurrent squamous and nonsquamous carcinomas of the cervix.

By: Fiorica J, Holloway R, Ndubisi B, Orr J, Grendys E, Boothby R, DeCesare S, LaPolla J, Hoffman M, Patel J.

Gynecol Oncol 2002 Apr;85(1):89-94

OBJECTIVE: Cisplatin is a standard treatment in advanced, recurrent cervical cancer. Because topotecan is an established treatment in gynecologic malignancies such as ovarian cancer and exhibits nonoverlapping toxicity with cisplatin, a phase II trial was conducted to evaluate the tolerability and antitumor activity of a cisplatin/topotecan doublet in persistent or recurrent cervical cancer patients. METHODS: Patients with bidimensionally measurable persistent or recurrent squamous cell and non squamous cell cervical cancer and adequate bone marrow were enrolled. Patients received 50 mg/m(2) of cisplatin intravenously over 1 h on Day 1 and 0.75 mg/m(2) of topotecan intravenously over 30 min on Days 1, 2, and 3 of 21-day cycles for six cycles or until disease progression. Tumor response and regimen toxicity were assessed using established Gynecologic Oncology Group criteria. RESULTS: Thirty-two of 35 enrolled patients were evaluable for toxicity and tumor response. All but 2 evaluable patients had received previous radiotherapy. No patient received prior chemotherapy. The cisplatin/topotecan doublet was well tolerated, with 77 and 78% of courses given without interruption or delay and at full doses, respectively. As anticipated, the most common toxicity was hematologic, with grade 3/4 neutropenia and thrombocytopenia reported in 30 and 10% of cycles, respectively. The overall response rate was 28% (9/32), with 3 complete and 6 partial responses. The antitumor response in nonirradiated fields (30%) was similar to the response observed in previously irradiated fields (33%), suggesting good drug penetration. Median duration of response was 5 months (range, 2 to 15+ months). An additional 9 (28%) patients achieved stable disease. Median survival was 10 months, with 3 patients in lasting remission. CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that the cisplatin/topotecan combination is safe, well tolerated, and active in persistent or recurrent cervical cancer patients. A phase III, multicenter trial is under way (cisplatin/topotecan versus cisplatin) based on these favorable results to confirm the safety and efficacy profile in this patient population.

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