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Sunday 01 September 2002

Topotecan preceded by oxaliplatin using a 3 week schedule: a phase I study in advanced cancer patients.

By: Gross-Goupil M, Lokiec F, Lopez G, Tigaud JM, Hasbini A, Romain D, Misset JL, Goldwasser F.

Eur J Cancer 2002 Sep;38(14):1888-98

Combinations of topoisomerase I (topo I) poisons and platinum derivatives have synergistic antitumoral effects. However, their clinical development is limited by supra-additive haematological toxicity. The aim of this study was to determine whether sustained doses of topotecan and oxaliplatin could be achieved using a synergistic sequence. 34 advanced cancer patients and 186 cycles were evaluable for toxicity over five dosing levels. Oxaliplatin at 85-110 mg/m(2) was given on day 1, followed by topotecan 0.5-1.25 mg/m(2)/day x 5 from day 1 to 5, every 3 weeks. Plasma pharmacokinetics (PK) of total and ultrafiltrable platinum, total and lactone forms of topotecan were determined in the first cycle. The dose-limiting toxicity (DT) was identified as grade 4 thrombocytopenia. The occurrence of grade 4 thrombocytopenia did not correlate with topotecan PK, but it did with the patient's characteristics. Severe thrombocytopenia was seen in 1/8 of patients without clinical or biological evidence of malnutrition, with a creatinine clearance higher than 1 ml/s, and no more than two previous chemotherapy regimens, while it was seen in 8/10 patients with one of these characteristics (P<0.004). In conclusion, the recommended doses of oxaliplatin 110 mg/m(2) and topotecan 1 mg/m(2)/day, every 3 weeks can be administered to patients with a favourable general status and pretreatment characteristics and a phase II study is worthwhile in ovarian cancer patients.

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