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Thursday 01 February 2001

P73a overexpression is associated with resistance to treatment with DNA-damaging agents in a human ovarian cancer cell line.

By: Vikhanskaya F, Marchini S, Marabese M, Galliera E, Broggini M.

Cancer Res 2001 Feb 1;61(3):935-8

We examined the consequences of p73alpha overexpression on gene expression and cellular response to anticancer agents in clones from the human ovarian cancer cell line A2780. Using microarray filters, the expression of 588 genes in two clones overexpressing p73alpha (A2780/p73.4 and A2780/ p73.5) in comparison with empty vector-transfected cells was evaluated. There were clear differences in gene expression profiles. Both of the clones showed a marked increase in the expression of genes involved in DNA repair, including genes participating in nucleotide excision repair and mismatch repair. This was confirmed by reverse transcription-PCR and Northern blot analysis and was associated with an increase in the ability of p73alpha-expressing clones to repair two different DDP (cis-dichlorodiammine platinum)-damaged plasmids in a host reactivation assay. p73alpha overexpressing clones were less sensitive than parental cells to alkylating agents treatment or UV radiation but equally sensitive to the topoisomerase I inhibitor topotecan, which indicated that the increase in expression of DNA repair genes has implications for the response to DNA damaging agents.

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