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Tuesday 01 May 2001

Repetitive high-dose topotecan, carboplatin, and paclitaxel with peripheral blood progenitor cell support in previously untreated ovarian cancer: results of a Phase I study.

By: Prince HM, Rischin D, Quinn M, Allen D, Planner R, Neesham D, Gates P, Davison J.

Gynecol Oncol 2001 May;81(2):216-24

OBJECTIVE: In view of the significant activity of topotecan in ovarian cancer with dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) of myelosuppression, we evaluated the addition of topotecan to carboplatin and paclitaxel with peripheral blood progenitor cell (PBPC) support. METHODS: Patients with previously untreated stage IIIC or IV ovarian cancer with macroscopic residual disease following primary debulking surgery were eligible. Patients received two cycles of carboplatin AUC = 5 and 175 mg/m(2) of paclitaxel with collection of PBPCs after the second cycle. Patients subsequently received three cycles of high-dose therapy (HDT) with topotecan on a daily x5 schedule, paclitaxel (250 mg/m(2) over 24 h), and carboplatin (AUC = 12-16). RESULTS: Nineteen patients with a median age of 49 years (range 21-63) were enrolled and topotecan was escalated in 6 patient cohorts up to a dose of 4.5 mg/m(2)/day. Fifty-two of the planned 57 treatment cycles were delivered with no treatment-related deaths. Neutrophil and platelet recovery was rapid and the interval between HDT was 28 days. Febrile neutropenia occurred following 57% of all HDT cycles. DLTs of mucositis and diarrhea were observed at topotecan (4.5 mg/m(2)/day), paclitaxel (250 mg/m(2)) and carboplatin (AUC = 12). The protocol was subsequently modified to administer topotecan (2.5 mg/m(2)/day) with carboplatin (AUC = 16); however, 2 patients developed grade 4 diarrhea (1 with grade 3 mucositis and 1 with grade 4 mucositis). The clinical CR rate was 73% (14/19) with an overall clinical response rate of 95% (18/19). Of the 14 patients with a CCR, 13 of these underwent a second-look laparotomy with 8 (61%) achieving a pathological CR. With a median follow-up of 28 months (range 11-40 months), the median PFS is 36 months and OS has not been reached. CONCLUSION: When combined with carboplatin (AUC = 12) and paclitaxel (250 mg/m(2)), the recommended topotecan dose is 3.5 mg/m(2)/day for 5 days. This outpatient HDT regimen combines three of the most active drugs in ovarian cancer with acceptable toxicity and promising activity. Copyright 2001 Academic Press.

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