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Saturday 01 September 2001

Topotecan-filgrastim combination is an effective regimen for mobilizing peripheral blood stem cells.

By: Yeoh EJ, Cunningham JM, Yee GC, Hunt D, Houston JA, Richardson SL, Stewart CF, Houghton PJ, Bowman LC, Gajjar AJ.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2001 Sep;28(6):563-71

We compared the efficacy, toxicity, and cost of topotecan-filgrastim and filgrastim alone for mobilizing peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) in 24 consecutive pediatric patients with newly diagnosed medulloblastoma. PBSCs were mobilized with an upfront window of topotecan-filgrastim for 11 high-risk patients (residual tumor > or =1.5 cm2 after resection; metastases limited to neuraxis) and with filgrastim alone for 13 average-risk patients. All patients subsequently underwent craniospinal irradiation and four courses of high-dose chemotherapy with stem cell rescue. Target yields of CD34+ cells (> or =8 x 10(6)/kg) were obtained with only one apheresis procedure for each of the 11 patients treated with topotecan-filgrastim, but with a mean of 2.3 apheresis procedures for only six (46%) of the 13 patients treated with filgrastim alone (P = 0.0059). The median peak and median total yield of CD34+ cells were six-fold higher for the topotecan-filgrastim group (328/microl and 21.5 x 10(6)/kg, respectively) than for the filgrastim group (54/microl and 3.7 x 10(6)/kg, respectively). Mean times to neutrophil and platelet engraftment were similar. Myelosuppression was the only grade 4 toxicity associated with topotecan-filgrastim mobilization and lasted a median of 5 days. Compared with filgrastim mobilization, topotecan-filgrastim mobilization resulted in a mean cost saving of $3966 per patient. Topotecan-filgrastim is an efficacious, minimally toxic, and cost-saving combination for PBSC mobilization.

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